Understanding Individual

Last Updated on May 22, 2024 by Ali Hamza

In the realm of personal finance, particularly for individuals burdened by overwhelming debt, seeking viable solutions becomes crucial. One such solution that has gained prominence in recent years is the Individual Voluntary Arrangement, commonly known as IVA. This legally binding agreement provides a lifeline to those struggling with debt, offering a structured path to regain financial stability while avoiding the severe consequences of bankruptcy.

Defining IVA

An Individual Voluntary Arrangement (IVA) is a formal agreement between an individual and their creditors to repay a portion of their debts over a fixed period, usually five to six years. It provides an alternative to bankruptcy, enabling the debtor to manage their financial affairs while ensuring creditors receive a fair repayment. IVAs are typically suitable for those with substantial unsecured debts, such as credit card bills, personal loans, and overdrafts.

The Process

The process of setting up an IVA involves several steps, beginning with seeking professional advice from an insolvency practitioner (IP). The IP assesses the individual’s financial situation and guides them through the arrangement’s details. If an IVA is deemed suitable, the IP assists in drafting a proposal outlining the debtor’s financial circumstances, including income, assets, and expenses, along with a suggested repayment plan.

Creditor Involvement

Creditors play a vital role in the IVA process. Once the proposal is submitted, a meeting is convened where creditors vote on its acceptance. For the IVA to proceed, creditors representing at least 75% of the total debt must approve the proposal. This democratic approach ensures that the arrangement is fair and reasonable for all parties involved.

Advantages of IVAs

  1. Avoiding Bankruptcy: One of the most significant advantages of an IVA is that it allows debtors to avoid the long-lasting negative effects of bankruptcy on their credit history. Bankruptcy can impact an individual’s ability to secure credit, rent a property, or even find employment in certain industries.
  2. Structured Repayment: IVAs provide a structured repayment plan tailored to the debtor’s financial situation. This eliminates the stress of multiple debt payments, making it easier to manage finances.
  3. Legal Protection: Once approved, an IVA becomes a legally binding agreement, offering protection from creditor harassment and legal action. Creditors included in the IVA are barred from taking further legal steps to recover the debt.
  4. Flexibility: IVAs are flexible arrangements that can be customized to fit an individual’s circumstances. If the debtor’s financial situation changes during the agreement, adjustments can be made, subject to creditor approval.
  5. Debt-Free Future: Upon successful completion of the IVA, any remaining unsecured debts covered by the arrangement are typically written off, offering the debtor a fresh financial start.

Considerations and Limitations

While IVAs offer several benefits, they may not be suitable for everyone. It’s crucial to consider the fees associated with setting up and administering an IVA, which can affect the total debt repayment amount. Additionally, individuals with primarily secured debts, such as mortgages, may need to explore alternative solutions.


In a world where financial difficulties can quickly escalate, the availability of solutions like Individual Voluntary Arrangements brings hope to individuals drowning in debt. The IVA process, with its structured repayment plan and legal protections, offers a viable way for debtors to regain control of their finances while avoiding the harsh consequences of bankruptcy. However, seeking professional advice from an insolvency practitioner is essential to determine whether an IVA is the right path for a debt-ridden individual, taking into account their specific financial circumstances and goals. For more information visit Irwin Insolvency